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Blood Glucose Measurement By Smart Phone-2024

Blood Glucose Measurement By Smart Phone

Smartphones are now equipped to perform the formerly traditional role of portable health monitoring devices, thanks to recent technical advancements. The Blood Glucose Measurement By Smart Phone which is a key biomarker for diabetes, as well as a variety of other chemicals and biomarkers, is one of the amazing advances.

The clever use of the magnetic compasses included in cellphones, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have successfully achieved this feat.

Today’s smartphones are almost all equipped with a magnetometer, or built-in compass, which measures the Earth’s magnetic field’s direction and provides vital navigational data. The concentration of glucose, a marker for diabetes, may now be accurately measured using a method developed by a team of researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) using a common mobile magnetometer for a completely different purpose.

In order to monitor or diagnose human sickness, a variety of different biomedical properties might be quickly and affordably measured using the same method, which combines the magnetometer with magnetic materials that are engineered to change their structure in response to biological or environmental stimuli. According to NIST scientist Gary Zabow, the technique may also be used to find environmental pollutants.

Smartphones could become the next big thing for health monitoring, according to a ground-breaking proof-of-concept study by Zabow and his colleague, NIST researcher Mark Ferris. The scientists came up with a small setup that involved attaching a strip of hydrogel—a novel porous polymer that expands when submerged in water—and a tiny well holding the test solution to a mobile.

Little magnetic particles that are designed to react to glucose levels and pH levels—the latter of which is a measure of acidity fluctuations linked to a variety of biological disorders—were carefully implanted by the researchers into this hydrogel.

By means of careful engineering, the hydrogel’s magnetic particles were primed to display specific behaviours, either expansion or contraction, in reaction to variations in pH levels or glucose concentration.

Through the clever combination of smartphone technology and magnetic responsiveness, important health indicators may be monitored and analysed in real-time, from pH fluctuations that indicate different biological situations to glucose levels that are essential for managing diabetes.

Given that cellphones are now widely used in modern society, the study’s findings mark a significant advancement in the democratisation of healthcare access. These devices can be used for individualised health monitoring and diagnostics.

These kinds of technologies are very promising because they allow people to take charge of their own health and wellness. They go beyond the confines of traditional healthcare and help to create a more empowered and accessible future.

The method offers a low-cost alternative to conducting testing, even in areas with limited resources, as it doesn’t require any electronics or power sources other than those found in cellphones or special sample processing.

The identification of DNA strands, certain proteins, and histamines—compounds involved in the body’s immune response—at concentrations as low as a few tens of nanomoles (billionths of a mole) may be possible in the future thanks to attempts to increase the precision of such measurements using cellphone magnetometers.

There could be significant advantages to that improvement. For example, a 24-hour urine collection and an advanced laboratory analysis are usually needed to measure histamines, which are normally found in urine in quantities ranging from roughly 45 to 190 nanomoles.

According to Ferris, “measurements could be done with much less hassle” with an at-home test that uses a mobile magnetometer sensitive to nanomolar concentrations.

In general, Zabow continued, increased sensitivity would be necessary when a material was only available in very small amounts for testing in extremely diluted concentrations.

Is it possible to measure blood sugar with a phone?

Nowadays, blood sugar levels can be measured with a smartphone. One option is to use a readerless glucose test strip that is connected to the touchscreen of your phone. Another option is flash glucose monitoring, which measures blood sugar levels without needing a finger prick thanks to sensor technology.

How do smartwatches measure glucose?

No, glucose levels cannot be measured by smartwatches directly. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advises against using products that make this claim and alerts users to potential health hazards.

What can I do to make sure the measurement is accurate?

Blood glucose monitors are compact, accurate gadgets that measure and display your blood sugar level when used correctly. On rare occasions, though, they might be off.

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